Reference Wordsmith is run by Dr. Barbara Ann Kipfer, a lexicographer with more than three decades’ experience in writing and editing dictionaries, thesauri, and other word books and creating Internet and software lexical content.

As the “human hand”, she works in connecting, interpreting, and tweaking information so it becomes accessible. This experience includes data curation, semantic research, natural language processing, search engine and information retrieval, question-answering, and artificial intelligence research.

As an ontologist, Dr. Kipfer develops and maps ontologies, hierarchies, taxonomies, and classification schemes.

Kipfer is the author of 50+ books and holds an MPhil and PhD in Linguistics (specialization in lexicography), a PhD in Archaeology, an MA and PhD in Buddhist Studies, and Bachelor of Science in Physical Education. For more information, see CV and Experience and Skills.

Reference Wordsmith works on a contract basis, with the time and cost based on the particular project. Reference Wordsmith can estimate a project’s time and cost – or the client can set limits for time and cost.