About

Reference Wordsmith is freelance/contract work by Dr. Barbara Ann Kipfer, a lexicographer with four decades’ experience in writing and editing dictionaries, thesauri, and other reference works as well as creating and editing lexical content for software, the Internet, semantic analysis and natural language processing.

As the “human hand,” Dr. Kipfer creates, connects, interprets, and tweaks lexical information so it becomes accessible. Her experience includes data curation, semantic research and analysis, natural language processing, search engine and information retrieval, question-answering, and artificial intelligence research. Dr. Kipfer also develops and maps ontologies, hierarchies, taxonomies, and classification schemes.

Dr. Kipfer is the author of more than 70 books and holds an MPhil and PhD in Linguistics, a PhD in Archaeology, an MA and PhD in Buddhist Studies, and BS in Physical Education. For more information, see CV and Experience and Skills.